Become a Pilot

Medical Requirements

Medical Requirements

Apply for a Class 2 medical certificate
To apply for a Class 2 medical certificate, you need to have a medical examination by an Aeromedical Examiner (AME). If you meet the medical requirements the AME will issue your certificate.

To book your examination, you need to make an appointment directly with an AME. Use our AME search to find one near you. An AME is a specially qualified doctor able to issue EU medical certificates to pilots. Only one EU medical certificate can be held at a time and you can only apply for a license from the aviation authority in the state that holds your medical records.

Medical history
If you are aware of any personal or family medical history you should mention it when you book your AME appointment. Your AME will then be able to tell you whether you will need to bring along any additional information or reports to the appointment.

What to take to your AME appointment
If you wear glasses or contact lenses you will need to take them and your most recent optician’s report along to the examination. You will be asked to provide a sample of urine, so ideally you should arrive at the examination with a full bladder. Your AME will be able to help you with any additional individual preparations you need to make before your appointment.

What to expect at your examination
At the examination you will need to complete the medical certificate application form. This is a signed declaration containing the following:

  • Facts about your medical history, including family history
  • Whether you have had a medical examination before, by whom and the result
  • Whether you have ever been assessed as unfit or had a medical certificate suspended or revoked

Your AME may ask you to complete the form in advance of your appointment.

A first-time examination with an AME can take several hours. The exam consists of two (2) parts, a medical and an assessment of your mental health.

The medical examination will contain some or all the following:

  • Medical history
  • Eyesight
  • Physical examination
  • Hearing
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Lung function tests
  • Urine test

The mental health assessment will include some or all of the following:

In-depth interview regarding the mental health condition

  • Heredity - Mental illness in the family
  • Growing up - behavioural problems - Contact with child psychiatry
  • The history of education and occupation - stress resilience - cooperation problems
  • Current life situation - family - work life - other stress factors
  • Psychosocial situation - relationship problems
  • Former trauma - physical - mental
  • Crime - previous convictions

Assessment of mental status

  • External expression / appearance / behaviour / attitude / contact
  • Speech Rate / call capacity / thought process
  • level of consciousness / perception / cognition / Review
  • Mood / reality

Furthermore, an AME may need to supplement with further investigation if needed.

Certificate issue
A medical certificate can be issued by your AME on the same day as the examination if all the requirements are met. If the requirements are not met or further investigations are necessary then a decision on your fitness for a medical certificate will take longer.

Validity period
How long a Class 2 medical certificate is valid for depends on what age you are when you are examined. If you are under 40, the certificate will be valid for 60 months. Please note that if you are issued with a class 2 medical before you reach 40, it will no longer be valid once you reach42 years of age. If you are aged between 40 and 50 the certificate will be valid for 24 months. Please note that if you are issued with a class 2 medical before you reach 50, it will no longer be valid once you reach 51 years of age. If you are aged 50 or over the certificate will be valid for 12 months.

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